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Structure, Dynamics, and Impact of Replication Stress–Induced Structural Variants in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Abstract : Abstract Oncogene activation leads to replication stress and promotes genomic instability. Here we combine optical mapping and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to explore in depth the nature of structural variants (SV) induced by replication stress in cyclin-activated hepatocellular carcinomas (CCN-HCC). In addition to classical tandem duplications, CCN-HCC displayed frequent intra-chromosomal and interchromosomal templated insertion cycles (TIC), likely resulting from template switching events. Template switching preferentially involves active topologically associated domains that are proximal to one another within the 3D genome. Template sizes depend on the type of cyclin activation and are coordinated within each TIC. Replication stress induced continuous accumulation of SVs during CCN-HCC progression, fostering the acquisition of new driver alterations and large-scale copy-number changes at TIC borders. Together, this analysis sheds light on the mechanisms, dynamics, and consequences of SV accumulation in tumors with oncogene-induced replication stress. Significance: Optical mapping and whole-genome sequencing integration unravels a unique signature of replication stress–induced structural variants that drive genomic evolution and the acquisition of driver events in CCN-HCC.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-03772189
Contributor : Jessica Zucman-Rossi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 8, 2022 - 8:57:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:12 PM

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Quentin Bayard, Pierre Cordier, Camille Péneau, Sandrine Imbeaud, Theo Hirsch, et al.. Structure, Dynamics, and Impact of Replication Stress–Induced Structural Variants in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Cancer Research, 2022, 82 (8), pp.1470-1481. ⟨10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-21-3665⟩. ⟨inserm-03772189⟩

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