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Autophagy-Related Gene Signature Highlights Metabolic and Immunogenic Status of Malignant Cells in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Adenocarcinoma

Abstract : Autophagy is a self-degradative mechanism involved in many biological processes, includ- ing cell death, survival, proliferation or migration. In tumors, autophagy plays an important role in tumorigenesis as well as cancer progression and resistance to therapies. Usually, a high level of autophagy in malignant cells has been associated with tumor progression and poor prognostic for pa- tients. However, the investigation of autophagy levels in patients remains difficult, especially because quantification of autophagy proteins is challenging in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, we analyzed the expression of autophagy genes in non-small cell lung (NSCLC) cancer patients using public datasets and revealed an autophagy gene signature for proliferative and immune-checkpoint- expressed malignant cells in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Analysis of autophagy-related gene expression profiles in tumor and adjacent tissues revealed differential signatures, namely signature A (23 genes) and signature B (12 genes). Signature B correlated with a bad prognosis and poor overall and disease-specific survival. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that this signature was an independent factor for prognosis. Moreover, patients with high expression of signature B exhibited more genes related to proliferation and fewer genes related to immune cells or immune response. The analysis of datasets from sorted fresh tumor cells or single cells revealed that signature B is predomi- nantly represented in malignant cells, with poor expression in pan-immune population or in fibroblast or endothelial cells. Interestingly, autophagy was increased in malignant cells exhibiting high levels of signature B, which correlated with an elevated expression of genes involved in cell proliferation and immune checkpoint signaling. Taken together, our analysis reveals a novel autophagy-based signature to define the metabolic and immunogenic status of malignant cells in LUAD.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03767205
Contributor : Pierre-Emmanuel JOUBERT Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 4:41:14 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:12 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 2, 2022 - 6:54:09 PM

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Lucas Leonardi, Sophie Siberil, Marco Alifano, Isabelle Cremer, Pierre-Emmanuel Joubert. Autophagy-Related Gene Signature Highlights Metabolic and Immunogenic Status of Malignant Cells in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Adenocarcinoma. Cancers, 2022, 14 (14), pp.3462. ⟨10.3390/cancers14143462⟩. ⟨hal-03767205⟩

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